The overwintering of cereal aphids on Gramineae in southern England, 1977-1980.
Cereal aphids were sampled monthly on graminaceous host plants on farmland in Hampshire, UK from September 1977 to April 1980. Sitobion avenae overwintered anholocyclically on most types of Gramineae, particularly seedling grass crops and small-grain cereals. S. fragariae was probably mainly holocyclic on Rubus spp. Large summer populations of Metopolophium dirhodum were probably derived from holocyclic colonies on roses. M. festucae (subsp. cerealium) appeared to overwinter only anholocyclically, and was found mainly on mature grass crops and grasses in hedgerows. Rhopalosiphum padi was the most numerous species in autumn and overwintered anholocyclically in all three winters studied. R. insertum and R. maidis were rare and did not appear to survive the winter anholocyclically on graminaceous hosts.