Monitoring and forecasting insect pests of cereals.

Author Vickerman, G.P.
Citation Vickerman, G.P. (1977). Monitoring and forecasting insect pests of cereals. In: Proceedings of the 1977 Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Pests & Diseases: 227-234. British Crop Protection Council, London.

Abstract

Data on the numbers (/m2) of stem-boring Diptera and cereal aphids  found in cereals in the Game Conservancy West Sussex study area between 1972 and 1977 were considered. Oscinella frit was the dominant species in 1976, Opomyza florum in 1972, 1973 and 1975, O. germinationis in 1974 and Chlorops pumilionis in 1977. Most stem-borers were found in 1976 and fewest in 1977. The distribution of the species in the different cereal crops was also described.

Significant negative relationships were found between the numbers (/m2 ) of cereal aphids in winter wheat crops in the third week of June and   deviations from the long term mean March temperature (r= -0.93, P<0.01) and between the peak numbers (/m2) in the different years and deviations from the long term mean April temperature (r= -0 .86, P<0.05). There was   also a highly significant relationship (r= 0.98, P<0.001) between the number of 'air frost days' in April and the peak numbers (/m2) of aphids.

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